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Projets internationaux et ANRs sur les régions arctiques

by mannoni - published on , updated on

 

ANR PUR: Polar URban centres

(Partenaire) (leads : WP 1 et WP4) UMR 6266 IDEES-Rouen, UMR 7533 LADYSS, UMR 7300 ESPACE, State University of Moscow (Russia), North-Eastern Federal University (Russia), University of Aberdeen (United-Kingdom), Université Laval (Canada), Université du Québec en Outaouais (Canada).

Ce projet vise à mieux cerner la ville arctique, le processus d’urbanisation et la question de l’identité des néo-résidents. Les Pôles URbains (PUR) pèsent de plus en plus dans l’organisation de l’espace circumpolaire et cela devrait se renforcer avec le développement prévisible des économies arctiques, en lien avec le réchauffement climatique. Ce projet consacré à l’étude multi-niveaux du fait urbain en Arctique, comporte deux sous-axes portant sur la ville durable et la mobilité, s’inscrit pleinement dans le défi Mobilité et systèmes urbains durables. A l’originalité de l’objet s’ajoute celle de la méthode (SIG, Analyse spatiale, Télédétection et enquêtes) incluant une volonté de comparatisme et une approche multi-niveaux.

48 mois - début : janvier 2016

(459 000 euros)

ANR CLASSIQUE : CLimat, Agriculture et Société SIbérienne - QUElle Evolution ?

(Partenaire) Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines – CHCSC -, LSCE, LEGO, GAME, LGGE, M2C, Aix-Marseille Université - ESPACE et IUAR-CIRTA -.
Les changements climatiques observés en Sibérie et plus globalement dans l’Arctique, ont déjà conduit à des impacts majeurs sur l’environnement et sur les activités économiques. Si le réchauffement climatique actuel se poursuit comme prévu, ces impacts sont susceptibles d’augmenter, affectant grandement les écosystèmes, les cultures, les modes de vie et les économies. Le projet de recherche CLASSIQUE est axé sur ces questions, avec une attention particulière à l’évolution de l’agriculture et de la vulnérabilité des forêts et à la réduction du pergélisol en Sibérie. Il mobilise des climatologues, hydrologues, agronomes, démographes et spécialistes de la médiation scientifique dans un effort transdisciplinaire pour mieux quantifier (1) les changements futurs du climat et des propriétés de la végétation en Sibérie, (2) l’évolution consécutive du potentiel agricole de la région, (3) les effets démographiques et sociétaux de ces changements, et (4) les interactions et les rétroactions entre ces évolutions.

48 mois + 12 mois - début : mars 2011

(799 883 euros) ANR-10-CEPL-0012.

ANR BRISK : BRidging Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge on Arctic changes: societies, vulnerabilities and adaptation

(Partenaire) Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines – CEARC – CEMOTEV - Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), UNESCO, LMD Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique.
Bridging Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge about Global Change in the Arctic. Building synergies between scientific and indigenous knowledge about Global Change in the Arctic by elaborating cutting-edge transdisciplinary methodologies to better understand the vulnerabilities and adaptive capacities of Arctic societies and environments. Assess environmental, economic, political and social impacts. This innovative transdisciplinary approach (associating indigenous knowledge holders, climatologists, geographers, ecologists and anthropologists) is based on the complementary nature of indigenous and scientific knowledge. The project combines micro and macro-scale approaches through its engagement with partners at international, national, regional and local levels. The BRISK project elaborates cutting-edge interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary methodologies and tools to build synergies between scientific and indigenous knowledge on climate and global changes in the Arctic. The objective is to enable innovative assessments of environmental, economic, political and social impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptive strategies. It contributes to bridging the gaps between natural and social sciences, between science and indigenous knowledge, and between indigenous community, the research community and policy-makers.

36 mois + 12 mois - début : janvier 2013

(489 998 euros) ANR-12-SENV-0005

 

- FMSH-RGNF : Le paysage dans la mémoire narrative : réalité, image, modélisation
Co-porteur du programme : Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS ESPACE UMR 7300, North Eastern Federal University, Russia

2015 - 12 mois

(FMSH: 2500 euros RGNF : 350 000 roubles)

- RSF OTOLAND: Landscape Ontology: Semantic, Semiotic, and Geographic Modelling
Porteur du programme : Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS ESPACE UMR 7300, North-Eastern Federal University, Russia

An identification of prospects and priority directions of development of further research in the Russian. Arctic is connected with the understanding of the historical processes associated with the study and development of the Arctic. Trends of socio-economic development of the territory cannot be understood without accounting and analysis of natural, historical and socio-cultural and economic processes. The study of spatial-temporal features of the settlement and economic development of Arctic regions of Russia is aimed at mapping the territory as an integral natural-historical-cultural space. Identifying the ontological characteristics of the landscape with the use of linguistic and mental representation and modern information technologies will allow to determine the integrity of the "painting" of the surrounding space, its conceptualisation and representation in the dynamics of its development and co-evolution of man-environment.

36 mois - début : septembre 2015

(24 000 000 roubles) Reference: 15-18-20047

- UE FP-7 IRSES POLARIS: Cultural and Natural Heritage in Arctic and Sub-Antarctic Regions for a Cross- Cultural and Sustainable Valorisation Process and Tourism Development: Siberia, Lapland and Patagonia.

Partenaires : Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines – CEARC – CEMOTEV - (UVSQ, France), North-Eastern Federal University (NEFU, Russia), Kaunas University of Technology (KTU, Lithuania), Southern Patagonia National University (UNPA, Argentine), Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS ESPACE UMR 7300, University of Lapland (Finland)

This project intends to undertake a comparative study of three different regions: Siberia (Russia), Lapland (Sweden) and Patagonia (Argentina). These regions have a series of common features as regards their natural and cultural heritage, and are destined to experience similar changes due to the global warming and globalisation processes. The protection and the promotion of cultures, territories and heritages strengthen a socio-economic development process for local communities. Such sustainable valorisation should generate high level know-how and good practices that can be transferred to specific territories with national and international protection (National Park, National Reserves, UNESCO labels, etc.). Huge natural spaces in Arctic and Sub-Antarctic regions get specific attention from international community (UN and EU) due to current global warming and the impacts of climate change on cultures and territories. These regions have fragile ecosystems that can be rapidly damaged by mass tourism or by a not well-controlled development strategy implemented by public institutions or private companies. This project aims at studying these extreme regions, training professionals working in public administrations in order to improve their educational background, and students with postgraduate curricula linked to tourism, geography, natural heritage, politics and social economics. Cross-cultural training transfers and valorisation processes applied to the fields of tourism studies and the tourism industries, as well as cultural heritage and regional development of territories will be offered. Long term sustainable actions will be implemented at international level, such as an International Network of Regional Tourism Observatories and e-Learning platform to diffuse collected data, surveys and pedagogical materials.

48 mois - début : mars 2013

(327 900 euros) Project reference: 318974